Monthly Archives: September 2013

Financial Arrangements done after Bhuj Earthquake 2001

Financial Arrangements done after Bhuj Earthquake 2001 Calamity Relief Fund (CRF) in each state. The CRF allocation during the period 2000-05 has been increased to Rs 11007.56 crore as compared with Rs 6304.27 crore during 1995-2000. The efforts are supplemented by provision of additional assistance from National Calamity Contingency Fund (NCCF) during severe calamities. Calamity… Read More »

Impacts of Bhuj Earthquake on Revenue, Expenditure, Economy and Environment

Impacts of Bhuj Earthquake on Revenue, Expenditure, Economy and Environment Bhuj Earthquake and Impact on Revenue About Bhuj Earthquake Read Here Impact on Revenue Sales tax losses for February and March 2001 were Rs 115 crore. For 2001-02, the losses were expected to be Rs 260 crore. Only 10% of the estimated stamp duty and… Read More »

Bhuj Earthquake India 2001 – A Complete Study

Bhuj Earthquake India Gujarat : Disaster on a day of celebration : 51st Republic Day on January 26, 2001 7.9 on the Richter scale. 8.46 AM January 26th 2001 20,800 dead Basic Facts Earthquake: 8:46am on January 26, 2001 Epicenter: Near Bhuj in Gujarat, India Magnitude: 7.9 on the Richter Scale Geologic Setting Indian Plate… Read More »

Minimizing water and cement requirements in Concrete

Minimizing water and cement requirements in Concrete Goals of Determining the proper mix To determine the most economical and practical combination of readily available materials. To produce a concrete that will meet requirements under specific conditions of use. The majority of concrete used for agricultural applications is supplied by ready-mix producers. With an understanding of… Read More »

Curing of Concrete and General Methods of Curing

Curing of Concrete and General Methods of Curing Concrete that has been specified, batched, mixed, placed, and finished “letter-perfect” can still be a failure if improperly or inadequately cured. Curing is usually the last step in a concrete project and, unfortunately, is often neglected even by professionals. Curing has a major influence on the properties… Read More »

Types of Portland cement and Uses

Types of Portland cement and Uses Portland cement was named for the Isle of Portland, a peninsula in the English Channel where it was first produced in the 1800’s. Since that time, a number of developments and improvements have been made in the production process and cement properties. The production process for portland cement first… Read More »

What is Concrete and what are the Properties of Concrete

What is Concrete and what are the Properties of Concrete Concrete is a mixture of portland cement, water, aggregates, and in some cases, admixtures. The cement and water form a paste that hardens and bonds the aggregates together. Concrete is often looked upon as “man made rock”. Concrete is the most widely used construction material… Read More »

Grading Of Aggregates for Concrete

—Grading Of Aggregates for Concrete Aggregate comprises about 85 % volume of mass concrete— —Concrete contains aggregate upto a maximum size of 150 mm ——Way particles of aggregate fit together in the mix, as influenced by the gradation, shape, and surface texture— —Grading effects workability and finishing characteristic of fresh concrete, consequently  the properties of… Read More »

USBR Method

USBR Method of Concrete Mix Proportioning Principle In this method of mix design, the water content of air entrained concrete and the proportions of fine and coarse aggregates are determined for a fixed workability and grade of fine aggregates.   Procedure of mix proportion Table 1 recommends maximum slump for various types of concrete construction… Read More »