Fineness Modulus of Sand – Definition, Test Procedure and Significance

Seive-shaker-to-estimate-Fineness-Modulus-of-Sand

The fineness modulus of a fine aggregate is defined as an index number that indicates the average or mean size of the sand particles. It is determined by carrying out the sieve analysis test using standard IS sieves. The fineness modulus is an estimate of the amount of aggregate required to proportion mix designs; it … Read more

Windows – Functions, components | Classification of Windows

Double-hung-windows

Windows are doors that have glass installations in the openings to let light and air in and let people see outside. For ventilation, there often have openings. They consist of a frame that slides into the wall opening and shutters made of glass or wood in connection to the frame with hinges. Functional Requirements of … Read more

Types of Soil – Sand, Silt, Clay & Loam | Properties & Applications

Types of Soil – Sand, Silt, Clay & Loam

The organic and inorganic components of the earth’s surface that provide the environment for plant growth are referred to as soil. There are various types of soils on earth. It steadily develops through time, is composed of several diverse materials, and varies as a result of these factors. The breaking down of rocks into their … Read more

Mat Foundation & Raft Foundation Advantages, Applications, Types, Construction Process and Design Methodology

Mat foundation

Mat Foundation A mat foundation, also known as a raft foundation, is a type of shallow combined foundation which uses a large reinforced concrete slab-on-grade that transfers the entire weight of the structure to the subgrade. It works by dispersing load over much larger area on the ground when compared to discrete shallow isolated foundations. … Read more

Biological Stabilization of Soil & 6 Methods of Biological Soil Stabilization

Biological Stabilization of Soil & 6 Methods of Biological Soil Stabilization

Biological stabilization of soil simply refers to the stabilization of soil is achieved through biological means like planting or afforestation or more complex biological processes. The term “soil stabilization” refers to the process of increasing the stability and bearing capacity of the soil using proportion, controlled compaction, and/or the addition of suitable admixtures or stabilizers. … Read more

What is Hydrodemolition? Hydro demolition in Construction Industry | Applications & Advantages

Photo of Hydrodemolition (Source – Sonicon)

Hydrodemolition (or hydro demolition), commonly referred to as hydro blasting, is a demolition technique that uses a high or ultra-pressure water jet along with abrasives or other materials mainly for the removal of concrete that has been deteriorated or for concrete repair and strengthening. This technology, which was initially created in Europe in the 1980s, … Read more