Ground Water Assessment Methods

Groundwater Assessment Methods —♦Basic knowledge of geological and environmental conditions —♦Review of previous investigation results —♦Measurements of water levels —♦Sampling & preliminary assessment of water quality Water level measurements —♦Periodic measurement —♦standard tape measure (shallow wells) ♦‘dipmeter’: tape measure on reel with optional light & buzzer (deep wells and boreholes Features —Stretch resistant survey tape … Read more

Formwork & Concrete Formwork | Shuttering

Plastic Formwork Concrete Wall

Definition of Formwork Concrete Formwork can be define as a mould or box that is being poured with concrete and compacted to take the mould or box shape. Usually, form-works are temporary structures which are removed once the concrete is cured or after specified striking time. Function of Formwork Major functions of form-works are as … Read more

Cement Manufacturing Process Simplified Flow Chart

Cement Manufacturing Process Simplified Flow Chart

Cement Manufacturing Process Cement Manufacturing Process Simplified Flow Chart

Flood Routing By Reservoir

Flood Routing By Reservoir

Flood Routing By Reservoir Safety Inspection Of Dams Ø The dams are national property – constructed for the development of the national economy and in which large investments and other resources have been deployed. Ø  The safety of the dam is a very important aspect for safeguarding the national investment and the benefits derived by … Read more

Cement Industry and Construction Industry Profile

Cement & Construction Industry Profile

Cement & Construction Industry Profile Characteristics of Indian cement industry are Highly fragmented (low entry barriers) Cyclical industry Highly capital & energy intensive Heavily taxed sector High bulk (volume) low value product Heavy dependence on 3 sectors viz. coal, power and transport Market consolidation Flurry of consolidation has happened in cement manufacture industry in the … Read more

British Method of Mix Proportioning

Method Of Mix Proportioning

British Method of Mix Proportioning Current method of mix design of concrete is that revised by Dept. of environment (UK) in 1988. British Method recognizes the durability requirements of mix selection. The design is applicable to normal weight concrete made with Portland Cement only or Blast furnace slag/fly ash. Refer the ppt attached for step … Read more

Chemical Admixtures In Concrete

Chemical Admixtures In Concrete

Chemical Admixtures In Concrete What Are They? Why Are They Used? How Applied? Effectiveness 5 Typical Functions of Admixtures Chemical admixtures are the ingredients in concrete other than portland cement, water, and aggregate that are added to the mix immediately before or during mixing. Producers use admixtures primarily to reduce the cost of concrete construction; … Read more

Measurement of Evapotranspiration by Lysimeter

Measurement of Evapotranspiration by Lysimeter

Measurement of Evapotranspiration by Lysimeter Introduction Evapotranspiration can be measured, at a site which also measures rainfall, by using a lysimeter which gives additional information on soil water balance. Potential Evapotranspiration Construction of lysimeter:- Installation ¢Decide on the location (choose a level piece of ground) near but not too close to the rain gauge. ¢Cut … Read more

Estimation Of Natural Ground Water Recharge

Estimation Of Natural Ground Water Recharge

Estimation Of Natural Ground Water Recharge INTRODUCTION Ground water recharge may be explained as the process where by the amount of water present in or flowing through the interstices of the sub-soil increases by natural or artificial means TYPES OF ESTIMATION METHODS ¢ Physical methods use the principles of soil physics to estimate recharge. The … Read more