Green Buildings for Quality Living | Merits | Criteria

Green Buildings for Quality Living

Introduction

Green buildings are eco-friendly, resource efficient and are very energy efficient and are designed and commissioned to ensure they are healthy for its occupants. They are more comfortable and easier to live with due to low operating and owning costs.Green Building

Merits

  • Lower operating costs (by 30%- 40%)
  • Improve occupant health
  • Reduce pollution
  • Reduce water usage (by 20%- 30%)
  • Eliminates creation of waste
  • Reduce power consumption (by 40%- 50%)

Green Building Criterions

  • Sustainable sitting  and design
  • Green building materials
  • Water efficiency
  • Energy efficiency
  • On-site power generation
  • Indoor air quality

Site Selection

  • Use appropriate building sites
  • Preserve open space
  • Reduce sprawl
  • Develop brown fields
  • Safeguard endangered species
  • Restore damaged environments
  • Design to optimize sun, wind & light

Site Integration

  • Enhance naturally occurring biodiversity
  • Minimize site disturbance
  • Manage storm water
  • Optimize transportation options
  • Reduce heat islands
  • Reduce light pollution

Green Buildings Materials

  • Prepare a green building product selection plan
  • Use salvaged building products
  • Use recycled content building products
  • Use locally available or naturally occurring building products
  • Use rapidly renewable resources
  • Use certified wood
  • Use structural insulated panels

Water Efficiency

Indoor water conservation plan

  • Use low flow plumbing fixtures
  • Use high performance appliances

Outdoor water conservation strategies

  • Use a rain water collection system
  • Use sustainable landscaping techniques
  • Use high efficiency irrigation systems

Innovative Waste water Management

  • Use gray water recovery systems
  • Use waterless urinals
  • Use biological waste treatment or “off grid” systems

Energy Efficiency

Passive solar design

  • Optimize the site, design, and orientation
  • Landscape to provide natural shade
  • Use natural day lighting
  • Use natural heating and ventilation

Energy Management Plan

  • Evaluate tradeoffs and minimize projected energy costs.
  • Train building occupants.
  • Track and optimize performance overtime.
  • Employ an energy management system and commissioning.

Energy Efficient Products

  • Use high performance thermal insulation
  • Use high performance roofing and glazing
  • Use high performance lighting systems
  • Use high performance heating, ventilation and air conditioning systems
  • Use high performance appliances

Onsite Power Generation

  • Maximize energy efficiency before power generation
  • Photovoltaic systems
  • Wind turbines
  • Micro hydro power systems
  • Solar thermal systems
  • Biomass power systems
  • Fuel cells

Conclusion

Green building is a much better product as compared to conventional homes. It’s good for your pocket book through much lower utility bills, good for your employer since healthy homes save on medical bills and sick leave, and you live with the knowledge that you are helping the earth.

Power Point Presentation with solved examples has been embedded below for better understanding.

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