Pavement Design (with examples) | Complete Data

pavement purpose

Pavement Design (with examples) Outline Pavement Purpose Pavement Significance Pavement Condition Pavement Types Flexible Rigid Pavement Design Example Pavement Purpose Load support Smoothness Drainage Pavement Significance How much pavement? –        3.97 million Centerline miles in U.S. –        2.5 million miles (63%) are paved –        8.30 million lane-miles total –        Largest single use of HMA and … Read more

Rehabilitation and Repair of RC, Steel and Pre-stressed Bridges

shows concrete jacketing of a column

Rehabilitation of RC, Steel and Pre-stressed Bridges Introduction Modern bridge infrastructure comprises of primarily concrete (reinforced or pre-stressed) and steel structures. Over the service life of a bridge, its constituent materials are continually subjected to fatigue and wear-tear due to dynamic vehicular loads. Overloading due to increase in wheel loads and regular exposure to aggressive external environment … Read more

Elements of Theory of Elasticity (with solved examples)


Elements of Theory of Elasticity (with solved examples) Introduction: Applications of the finite element method include elasticity problems also. Theory of elasticity deals with the stress and displacements in elastic solids generated by external forces. Some Important Aspects in theory of elasticity: Stress Components There are two types of stresses acting on each face of … Read more

IRC Method Concrete Mix Design

IRC method

IRC Method Of Concrete Mix Design About IRC 44-1976 Primarily implemented in the design of Concrete Rigid Pavements on Road Construction. Flexural strength is more often specified than compressive strength in the design of concrete mixes for pavement construction. Basic Differences from IS method Strength Criteria– Checking of Flexural strength have more priority than Compressive … Read more

Concrete Ingredients and Mixing of Concrete

Aggregate Industries

Concrete Ingredients and Mixing of Concrete Definitions of Terms Associated with the Materials used in Concrete A.Portland Cement: a dry powder made by burning limestone and clay, and then grinding and mixing to an even consistency. B.Concrete: a mixture of stone aggregates, sand, portland cement, and water that hardens as it dries. C.Masonry: refers to … Read more

High Performance Concrete & Self-Compacting Concrete

High Performance Concrete

High Performance Concrete Concrete may be regarded as high performance for several different reasons: high strength, high workability high durability perhaps also improved visual appearance. High strength concrete (HSC) might be regarded as concrete with a strength in excess of 60MPa and such concrete can be produced as relatively normal concrete with a higher cement … Read more

What are Properties of Hardened Concrete|Governing Factors

Bridge Pier Substructure

Properties of Hardened Concrete Properties of hardened concrete are explained on the basis of its Strength and Performance under various types of force actions and conditions. Main parameters that are used to define the strength of concrete are Compressive Strength: Compressive strength of concrete is usually defined as characteristic compressive strength (fcu / fck). Which … Read more

Temporary Supporting Structures

Temporary Supporting Structures

Temporary Supporting Structures Classifications Formworks/shuttering Scaffolding Shoring Underpinning Form work-requirements Strength Rigidity Less leakage True to size Smooth surface Easy removal Supports Economy in formwork Forms of regular sizes and shapes Allow reuse Design structural components to allow use of commercially available forms Clean and oil forms after use Pre-fabricate the forms on the ground … Read more

Formwork for Beams and Slabs

Formwork for Beams and Slabs

Formwork for Beams and Slabs Forms are molds to receive concrete in its’ plastic form. Formwork is temporary structure, as such, it is not normally shown on the drawings. Formwork Materials Wood Either all-wood or some wood components Plywood Aluminum Steel Plastics Lumber Designated by Cross Sections, Nominal Dimensions (prior to finishing) After cut length … Read more