What is Civil Engineering?
What is Civil Engineering Technology? Civil Engineering is said to be the biggest and most versatile branch among all the engineering branches. one of the oldest engineering discipline apart from military engineering and has been outlined historically as “a talent, the wealth and also the well-being of the total of society depends on it. It includes understanding materials and site conditions. Research and synthesis makes it more versatile. It conjointly needs analysis team work, leadership and business skills.” A civil engineer is somebody WHO practices all or a part of this art. Our previous monuments and structures speak plenty concerning sensible development of the civil engineering technology of this country.Civil Engineering is accepted as one largest branch among all the engineering branches.
Civil engineering could be a skilled engineering discipline that deals with the planning, construction, and maintenance of the physical and naturally engineered setting, together with tasks like roads, canals, bridges,dams, and buildings.It is historically broken into many sub-disciplines together with environmental engineering, geophysics, geodesy, bio-mechanics,geo-technical engineering, control engineering, structural engineering, nanotechnology, transportation engineering, forensic engineering, materials engineering,municipal or urban engineering, coastal engineering, surveying, water resources engineering,earth science, atmospheric sciences, and construction engineering.
Civil engineering includes use of physical and scientific philosophies, and its antiquity is thornily linked to advances in indulging of physics and arithmetic throughout history. Since civil engineering is a wide ranging profession, with several separate focused sub-disciplines, its history is linked to understanding of structures, materials science, natural features, geology, soils, hydrology, surroundings, mechanics and other fields.
All over ancient and medieval history most architectural design and erection was carried out by artisans, such as stonemasons and carpenters, intensifying to the role of master constructor. Knowledge was reserved in guilds and rarely displaced by advances. Constructions, roads and infrastructure that existed were monotonous, and increases in gage were incremental.
One of the initial examples of a scientific slant to physical and mathematical problems valid to civil engineering is the effort of Archimedes in the 3rd century BC, including Archimedes Principle that underpins our knowledge of buoyancy also practical solutions such as Archimedes’ screw. An Indian mathematician Brahmagupta, used arithmetic based on Hindu numerals, for excavation volume computations.
Education & Degrees
Civil engineers usually hold an academic degree with a major in civil engineering. The extent of study for such a degree is typically three to five years and the accomplished degree is usually designated as a Bachelor of Engineering, however some universities designate the degree as a Bachelor of Science. It generally includes modules covering physics, mathematics, project supervision, design and detailed topics in civil engineering. Primarily such topics cover mostly also the sub-disciplines of civil engineering. Scholars then choose to specify in one or more sub-disciplines near the end of the degree.
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