Quiz on Concrete and its Properties
Concrete is a highly versatile construction material, well suited for many agricultural applications. It is a mixture of portland cement, water, aggregates, and in some cases, admixtures. Strength, durability, and many other factors depend on the relative amounts and properties of the individual components. A perfect mix can result in poor quality concrete if correct placement, finishing, and curing techniques under the proper conditions of moisture and temperature are not used. It is also important to prepare accurate concrete estimates to avoid shortage of material at site during pouring.
- It is an artificial conglomerate stone made essentially of Portland cement, water, and aggregates.
- It is a Composite material that consists essentially of a binding medium within which aggregates are embedded
- Binder is formed from a mixture of hydraulic cement and water.
Concrete as a Structural Material
Most widely used construction material.Last year in the U.S. 63 million tons of Portland cement were converted into 500 million tons of concrete. Total world consumption of concrete last year is estimated at three billion tons. Estimated present consumption in the world is 55. billion tons every year
Separation of constituent materials of concrete Creates larger voids and reduces the durability and strength
Water from comes out of the surface Produces pores and reduces strength
Compressive strength, tensile strength, flexural strength
Concrete not an elastic material Stress in concrete a strains in initial stages Influenced by elastic properties of aggregate, mix proportion, age, type of cement.
Change in volume due to loss of moisture at different stages
Affects strength and durability