Unlocking the Benefits of Composite Garden Fencing

The world of outdoor design and landscaping in general is evolving. Your fencing material creates or breaks the overall functionality and aesthetic appeal of the property. Gone are the days when people used traditional fencing materials. Today, composite garden fencing remains the latest trend in the market with several homeowners finding it an irrespirable alternative.  … Read more

Different types of Wood | Comparision of Various Wood Types | Softwood vs Hardwood

What is Wood? Wood, known for its fibrous and porous structure, is one of the few renewable natural resources. It comprises cellulose fibers embedded in a lignin matrix, providing trees with strength and facilitating nutrient transportation. The product plays a vital role in our daily lives and the economy, finding applications in textile fabrics, fuelwood, … Read more

Sustainability in Hardscaping: How Precast Blocks Help Protect the Environment

Between 2030 and 2050, it’s estimated that our planet will suffer devastating environmental losses. These could be due to population growth, climate change, and other environmental factors. In short, all the planet’s natural resources could be depleted by the end of this century. And this is why sustainable practices are so important. To help with … Read more

Masonry Wall – Types, Failure Mechanisms & Advantages

Brick Masonry Wall

Masonry Wall – Types, Failure Mechanisms & Advantages Submitted By-Bhawnesh Kuldeep The masonry walls is built of individual blocks of materials such as stone, brick, concrete, hollow blocks, cellular concrete etc., usually in horizontal courses cemented together with some form of mortar. Advantages Of Masonry Wall The use brick and stone can increase the thermal … Read more

Sikkim Earthquake Of 14 February 2006

Sikkim Earthquake February 2006 location

Sikkim Earthquake Of 14 February 2006 Moderate earthquake (reported as Mw 5.3 by USGS and as ML 5.7 by IMD)  occurred in the state of Sikkim (India) on February 14 2006 at 06:25:23 a.m. local time.  At 27.35°N 88.35°E, near Ralang (South Sikkim), with a focal depth of 30 km (www.usgs.gov)  At 27.7°N 88.8°E, near … Read more

Guidelines to Construct Joints in Concrete

Various Types of joints

Guidelines to Construct Joints in Concrete Joints are to be carefully designed and appropriately constructed in order to avoid uncontrolled cracking of concrete slab. The following are recommended practices that should be observed: The maximum joint spacing should be 24 to 36 times the thickness of the slab. As an example, in a 5-inch thick … Read more

Grading Of Aggregates for Concrete

Grading of Aggregates

—Grading Of Aggregates for Concrete Aggregate comprises about 85 % volume of mass concrete— —Concrete contains aggregate upto a maximum size of 150 mm ——Way particles of aggregate fit together in the mix, as influenced by the gradation, shape, and surface texture— —Grading effects workability and finishing characteristic of fresh concrete, consequently  the properties of … Read more

Steps Involved in Mix Proportioning as per IS 10262:2009 (with solved example)

Mix Proportioning as per IS 10262:2009

Steps Involved in Mix Proportioning as per IS 10262:2009 (with solved example)   General Steps Involved in Mix Proportioning Step 1. Choice of Slump Stiffest possible consistency that can be easily placed and compacted without segregation Pumping are typically designed for 100 mm to 150 mm slump Step 2. Choice of Max. Size of Aggregate … Read more

IS Codes Used In Mix Proportioning & their Uses

IS Codes Used In Mix Proportioning IS 456 : 2000 Code of Practice for Plain & Reinforced Concrete Exposure Conditions Table 5 – Minimum Cement Content & Max. w/c ratio IS 10262: 2009 Mix Proportioning – Guidelines Table 1 – Standard Deviation Table 2 – Max. Water Content Table 3 – Vol. fraction of Coarse … Read more